Deciding to go for a weight loss surgery is no laughing matter. Obesity can force a person to go through a plethora of treatments and diets. A person suffering from obesity will go through any lengths to shed a few kilos. A weight loss surgery is the absolute end of the line for most people. But if you have reached a point where a weight loss surgery is the only way forward, make sure that you are taking an informed decision.
Read this informative article to choose from different weight loss surgeries before making the decision. There are a number of surgeries to choose from but what works for you need not work for another. The ultimate decision depends on a variety of factors like your ultimate goal weight, the surgeon, your current state of health and last but not the least – finance!
Two Basic Categories in Weight Loss Surgery:
I. Restrictive Surgery- A restrictive surgery restricts the amount of food that your stomach can hold. For example: adjustable banding.
II. Malabsorptive Surgery- These operations combine your stomach restriction with a bypass of the small intestine. This complicated surgery ensures that all that fat you consume is not absorbed by your body. An example of malabsorptive surgery is roux-en-y gastric bypass surgery.
Types of Weight Loss Surgery:
1. Roux-en-y Gastric Bypass Surgery:
This is a very popular and successful form of malabsorptive surgery for weight loss. One small stomach pouch is created to restrict the amount of food consumed. Then, a y-shaped section of your small intestine is attached to the stomach pouch that allows food to bypass the lower stomach. This bypass can reduce the calories and nutrients the body absorbs. This operation can also be performed by an open surgery, traditional surgery, or laparoscopy. The roux-en-y technique is very effective on patients with health problems and severe obesity. Patients can lose two thirds of their excess weight in just two years.
2. Gastric Band Surgery:
Gastric Band Surgery is a kind of restrictive operations that can only restrict your food intake without interfering with the normal digestion process. For this weight reduction surgery, surgeons make a small pouch at the top of the stomach where the food enters from your oesophagus. This pouch can hold one ounce of food that expands later to hold more.
The lower outlet of the pouch has a small opening that delays the emptying of food and keeps you feeling full for longer. Restrictive operations that are undertaken to treat obesity have an adjustable gastric band that can restrict the size of your stomach by using a band. This is less successful when compared with malabsorptive operations for longer term weight loss.
Some patients also tend to regain their weight. It also becomes difficult to adjust the eating habits that can lead to failure in the desired weight loss. Successful results vary with patient’s willingness, balanced diet and proper exercise.
3. Sleeve Gastreactomy:
This operation includes the laparoscopic resection of three-fourth of your stomach that leaves a long slender gastric tube. For a Sleeve Gastreactomy, your stomach is sectioned off in a vertical position to create a new, small, tube-shaped stomach. This helps to stop the amount of food that you consume. It can also reduce the ghrelin production in the body that regulates appetite. This operation does not take much time and is completed in 1 hour and requires patients to stay in the hospital for 1 or 2 nights.
The Sleeve Gastreactomy is comparatively safe, as it is performed laparoscopic-ally without anaesthesia. Your intestines are not manipulated; hence this is also ideal for intestinal surgery patients.
The Sleeve Gastreactomy is becoming very popular among surgeons and patients alike. Patients observe a drastic appetite reduction and diminished eating capacity. This procedure also doesn’t include an intestinal bypass nor does it require some postoperative adjustments.
4. Revisional Surgery:
Revisional Bariatric surgeries require skilled and experienced surgeons. It repairs previous weight loss trials that may have failed. You have to carefully follow the instructions provided to you by your surgeon to make this surgery a success.
The following are some of the common risks related to bariatric weight loss surgery:
- Cardiac problems
- Blood clots
- Respiratory problems
We do hope that you are able to solve your weight loss issues without resorting to a surgery. But if you decide that you do NEED a surgery, make sure to discuss all the possibilities with your physician.
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